281st MP Co. Trieste, Italy
APO 209 (from Oct or Nov 47 until 26 Oct 54, when troops were withdrawn from Trieste, & unit deactivated 2-12-54).
281st Military Police Company, TRUST. In 1941 a cadre
was formed, comprising men from the 2nd Inf. Regt., Ft. Brady, Mi., to become Co
A, 702nd MP Bn. In 1942 the unit was redesignated the 888th MP Co (Avn)
and assigned to the 8th Air Force. In June 1942 the unit was deployed to
Gourock, Scotland, then assigned to Polbrook Airport, England and in December
the unit shipped from Liverpool to Oran, Algeria, where it was assigned to Hqs. 2nd Corps. The
unit set up shop and started performing MP duties in Oran and Algiers.
They experienced many difficulties because of improper equipment, such as rifles
being issued rather than pistols; scout cards made available instead of jeeps; replacements not being trained MP's; black market trafficking; high rates
of VD and poor race relations in the ranks. In Feb 1943 the unit was
redesignated the "281st MP Co." and continued to perform MP duties.
In December 1944 the unit was reassigned to Rome, Italy and performed MP duties
such as: town patrol, provided security to Stragglers Point, the 73rd Hospital
Prison Ward, the US Embassy, the US Rest Center and hotels occupied by American
civilians, etc. In 1945 the unit became a part of the Mediterranean
Theater of Operations, United States of America (MTOUSA).
Sometime in October or November 1947 the unit was closed out in Rome and reassigned - on paper - to the TRUST (Trieste United States Troops) Command, in direct conjunction and coordination with the redesignation and reassignment of the 88th MP Plt. to become the 281st MP Co., APO 209, Free Territory of Trieste (FTT), TRUST. The unit performed MP duties, such as foot patrols and mobile patrols within the confines of the Free Territory of Trieste. Other Duties encompassed traffic control, Criminal Investigation activities, vice control and military stockade operations. These activities were performed from 1947 until 26 October 1954, at which time the US started a withdrawal from Trieste.to Leghorn, Italy and ultimately to CONUS. Zone A was returned to control of the Italian government and Zone B became under permanent Yugoslav control. The 281st MP Co. was officially deactivated on 2 December 1954, in Italy.